Does the Friendship Matter? Sharing, Fairness and Parochial Altruism in African Children and Adolescents


Authors: Butovskaya, Marina L.; Burkova, Valentina N.; Karelin, Dmitriy V.
Journal: Social Evolution & History. Volume 19, Number 1 / March 2020

DOI: https://doi.org/10.30884/seh/2020.01.05

In this paper we present data on the altruistic behavior among rural Meru and urban mixed-ethnic children of Dar-es-Salaam of Tanzania, based on their decision-making in three sets of sharing games. Particularly, we examine the readiness of rural and urban African schoolchildren to take prosocial, sharing and fairness decisions; we also reveal to what extent these decisions are congruent towards friends and anonymous peers and test the gender differences in the decision-making. Our results provide another confirmation of the parochial altruism hypothesis.

Marina L. Butovskaya, Institute of Ethnology and Anthropology, Russian Academy of Sciences more

Valentina N. Burkova, Institute of Ethnology and Anthropology, Russian Academy of Sciences more

Dmitriy V. Karelin, Institute of Geography, Russian Academy of Sciences more