Historical Comparative Analysis of the Development and Transformation of Lei Yue Mun and Cha Kwo Ling with their Tin Hau Temples

Author:  Hung Chung Fun, Steven
Journal: Social Evolution & History. Volume 19, Number 1 / March 2020

DOI: https://doi.org/10.30884/seh/2020.01.08

Today, Lei Yue Mun and Cha Kwo Ling are still the nearby urban areas and the urban fringe areas respectively. They are squatter areas and both suffer from environmental hygiene problems and lack proper management. The historical development of Cha Kwo Ling exerted superiority in the long-term. If compared to Lei Yue Mun, its economic, societal and cultural development performed better. Therefore, the administrative-governed centers, namely, the ‘Communal Office of the Four Hills’ and the ‘Communal School of the Four Hills’ were developed in Cha Kwo Ling. After the Second World War, Cha Kwo Ling had some nearby local developments, for example, there were built several oil depots and quarry sites next to it. This made Cha Kwo Ling become even more prosperous. This statement can be strengthened by the massive and spectacular occasion of the ‘Tin Hau Festival.’ This grand event is the most popular and large-scale in the urban area. Coincidentally, Lei Yue Mun underwent certain transformations in the 1960s. It became a tourist hot spot for eating seafood. Up to now it is internationally famous which helps maintaining its prosperity. In contrast, the economic development of Cha Kwo Ling started to deteriorate because of the urban developments. But there is a sharp difference if residents' sentiments are taken into account. With the successful economic development in Lei Yue Mun, its residents become more cold-blooded and snobbish. This is a total opposite reflection of the social relationship in Cha Kwo Ling – its residents are warm-blooded, they are passionate and are always ready to provide mutual help and care. The situation in Lei Yue Mun is quite different.

Steven Hung Chung Fun, the Education University of Hong Kong more