Digitalization of Global Governance in NBIC-Convergence Era

Author: Kobzeva, Svetlana V.
Almanac: History & Mathematics:Investigating Past and Future

The rise of globalization processes at the turn of the 20th – 21st centuries led to the growth of interdependence in the international arena – the development of transnational business networks, emergence of new supranational political structures, increasing flows of people, capital, goods and information at inter-continental distances (Ilyin 2000; Castells 2011). Modern processes are named by researchers as the Fourth Industrial Revolution which is characterized by convergence of digital, physical and biotechnologies (Schwab 2016). Globa-lization of ICT leads to the formation of new frameworks of cross-cultural interactions, expands control over conflict situations and strengthens international cooperation in ensuring global and regional security, accelerates social politics (education and health care) and human capital by increasing employment, inclusion in active life of socially isolated groups of people, overcoming deprivation, poverty and various forms of discrimination, eliminating territorial, administrative, civilization and cultural barriers. The risks and threats of globalization processes are created by the actors of subnational and transnational levels using both legitimate and criminal activities. Modern world development is focused on enhancing of e-govern-ment technologies in public administration by increasing the qualitative level of qualification and technological effectiveness of public service and reducing their cost.

Keywords: globalization, ICT, NBIC-Convergence Era, the Fourth Industrial Revolution, technological development, digitalization, global governance, soft power, digital diplomacy, e-government, democracy.