The Nineteenth-Century Origins of the Global Secondary and Higher Education


Authors: Zinkina, Julia; Korotayev, Andrey; Ilyin, Ilya V.
Almanac: Globalistics and globalization studiesGlobal Transformations and Global Future.

In this paper we trace the nineteenth-century origins of the contemporary forms or organization of secondary and higher education, which have by now spread all over the world. With respect to secondary education, the authors consider the development and spread of the so-called ‘humanistic schools’. As for the universities, we pay attention to the emergence of the two models of modern university in Europe (in France and in Germany) and to the global spread of these models.

Keywords: education, 19th century, secondary education, humanistic schools, university, French university model, German university model, von Humboldt.